Forms of Government
III. Distinguish between
1. Unitary and federal forms of government.
Unitary form of government
1. A unitary form of government is a sovereign state governed as a single entity.
2. The central government is supreme. States exercise only powers that had been given to them by the centre.
3. England, France, Japan, Sri Lanka are examples of Unitary form of government.
4. All authority and powers are vested in a single centre.
Federal form of government
1. A federal government is one in which powers are divided between the national government and the regional governments.
2. Both central and states operate in their jurisdiction independently.
3. The USA, Switzerland, Australia, Canada and Russia are examples of Federal form of government.
4. Authority and powers are distributed between centre and the states.
2. Parliamentary and Presidential forms of government.
Parliamentary form of government
1. In the Parliamentary system of government the executive is responsible to the legislature for its policies and acts.
2. The Parliamentary form of government is also known as Cabinet government
3. Parliamentary form of government is prevalent in Britain, Japan, Canada and India.
Presidential form of government
1. In the Presidential form of government the executive is not responsible to the legislature.
2. The Presidential form of government is also known as non-responsible system of government.
3. The presidential form of government is prevalent in USA, Brazil, Russia and Sri Lanka.