IV. Distinguish between
• Resources that have natural regeneration after their utilization.
• Solar energy, Wind energy Bio-gas, Tidal energy, Wave energy are renewable.
• Resources that cannot be replaced again after utilization.
• Coal, Petroleum and Natural gas are non renewable.
• They are minerals that contain one or more metallic elements in them.
• Metals such as iron, manganese, copper, bauxite, nickel, zinc, lead and gold are examples of metallic minerals.
• These minerals do not contain metal in them.
• Mica, limestone, gypsum, nitrate, potash, dolomite, coal and petroleum are non-metallic minerals.
Agro based Industry
• These industries draw their raw materials from agricultural sector.
• Cotton textile, Jute textile, Silk, Sugar industries are agro based industries.
Mineral based Industry
• Mineral based industries use both metallic and non metallic minerals as raw materials.
• Iron and Steel industry is the major mineral based industry.
• Jute is the raw material for jute industry
• India is the largest producer of jute goods in the world
• This is the second important textile industry in India after cotton textiles.
• The major jute producing state in India is West Bengal.
• Sugarcane is the raw material for sugar industry.
• India is the second largest producer of sugarcane in the world.
• This is the second largest agro based industry in India after cotton textiles.
• The major sugar producing state is Uttar Pradesh.
• It includes Thermal power and nuclear power
• Conventional energy sources are non-renewable.
• Coal, Petroleum and natural gas are nuclear minerals are non-renewable energy resources.
• It includes Hydropower, Solar energy, wind energy, tidal energy, wave energy etc.
• Non-conventional energy sources are renewable.
• Water, sunlight, wind, bio gas and tides are renewable energy resources.