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State and Society in Medieval India from the Cholas to the Mughals | History | Social Science - Answer the following in detail | 9th Social Science : History: State and Society in Medieval India

Chapter: 9th Social Science : History: State and Society in Medieval India

Answer the following in detail

Social Science : History: State and Society in Medieval India : Book Back Important Questions, Answers, Solutions : Answer the following in detail

VI. Answer the following in detail

 

1. Discuss the political changes during 1526-1707 A.D. (C.E)

The Mughals

• In 1526 AD at Panipat Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi and founded the Mughal empire. The "Great Mughals" of six included Akbar and Aurangazeb

• Akbar consolidated the empire through conquests and a policy of conciliation with the Religions based Kingdoms of Rajasthan.

• The empire was at its height during the rule of the last of the Great Mughals Aurangzeb. The empire stretched over most of the Indian sub-continent. Though the Mughal empire began to disintegrate after Aurangazeb it finally ended when the British came (1857 AD).

• In the 17th Century under the leadership of shivaji. Marathas new power centre rose and undermined the authority of the Mughals in Western India.

• Only the South - Western region of Kerala and Southern Tamilnadu were not directly under Mughal rule.

 

2. Explain the commercial developments in Medieval India.

The commercial Developments in medieval India

• India had an extensive network of trade for marketing. The village was the basic unit of production.

• The village was essentially a subsistance economy and barter was the medium of exchange.

• The producer produced a surplus that he marketed himself, usually in regional weekly markets.

• The producer was delinked from marketing, which was undertaken by merchant intermediaries.

• Big cities, the major commercial centres with bazaars and shops, were intermediate prints in inter - regional trade since they were connected by roads to other parts of the country.

• In coastal trade along the western and eastern coasts of the country smaller ships and boats were used. The major ports were Surat, Masulipatnam, Calicut.

• Across the Indian Ocean, extending from china in the east to Africa in the west, Maritime trade had flourished due to its geographical location in the middle of the Indian Ocean.

Exports : Textiles, Pepper, Precious and semiprecious gems, diamonds, iron and steel.

Imports : Silk, Ceramics, gold, spices, aromatic woods, camphor, drugs, sugar and ivory.

 

3. "Chola Period was a enterprising period in the history of Tamil Nadu" - Elucidate.

Chola Period was an enterprising period in the history of Tamilnadu

Because

• The CHOLA PERIOD was an enterprising period in the history of Tamilnadu when trade and the economy expanded, accompanied them urbanization.

• The administrative machinery was re-organised. The local administration was the village (ur), followed by the sub-region (Nadu) and district (kottam), granted tax - free villages to Brahmins - 'Brahmadaya’, Marketing centres and towns - 'Nagaram’

They were responsible for

• The maintenance and management of water resources, land, local temples. 

• resolving local issues and disputes.

• Collecting the taxes due to the government.

• Another notable feature was the great increase in the construction of temples.

First dimension : The construction of new temples.

Second dimension : Old temples became old important economic entities.

 

 

 VIII. Activities (For Students)

1. On the outline map of India mark the important places of medieval India.

2. Collect pictures of architectural importance of the Cholas.

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