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Chapter: 9th Social Science : History: State and Society in Medieval India

Answer the following briefly

Social Science : History: State and Society in Medieval India : Book Back Important Questions, Answers, Solutions : Answer the following briefly

Social Science : History

STATE AND SOCIETY IN MEDIEVAL INDIA FROM THE CHOLAS TO THE MUGHALS

V. Answer the following briefly

 

1. Write about the military expeditions of Malik Kafur.

Military Expeditions of Malik Kafur

• The impact of Muslim rule was felt during the reign (1296 - 1316 AD) of Alauddin Khalji. In the first decade of 1300s Ad, Alauddin Khalji's slave and commander Malik Kafur was sent on military expeditions to the South.

• Military campaigns were sent to the south to plunder the wealth. Renamed "Daulatabad", Devagiri was captured. It was the stronghold of the growing kingdom.

 

2. Who founded the Vijayanagar Kingdom? Mention the dynasties that ruled over the kingdom.

Harihara and Bukka, two brothers of Sangama dynasty founded the Vijayanagar kingdom.

• Sangama, Saluva, Tuluva, Araveedu dynasties.

 

3. Mention the two natural advantages that India had in cotton weaving.

• The basic raw material, Cotton, grew in almost all parts of india and was easily available.

• The technology of producing a permanent colour on cotton using vegetable dyes was known from very early times in India.

 

4. What were the factors which facilitated urbanization?

The factors facilitated Urbanization

• Cities and towns fulfilled diverse and overlapping roles in the economy. The Large cities were centres of Manufacturing and Marketing, banking and financial services. An extensive network of roads that connected them to other parts of the country.

• Smaller towns were marketing centres in local trade connecting the immediate rural hinterland.

• Because of the regular inflow of pilgrims major pilgrimage centres grew into cities. Providing a market they attracted manufacturing and trade. The temple towns also became marketing centres.

 

5. What is sericulture?

Sericulture

Sericulture is silk production by breeding the Mulberry silkworm. It was introduced in the 14th and 15th centuries.

• By the 7th century, Bengal had become one of the largest silk - producing regions in the world.

 

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